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John T. Whalen papers

 Collection 0188-MDHC
The papers of John T. Whalen (1898-1980) consist of fifty-five letters written by Whalen to his mother in Mt. Hebron, Maryland, between 1917 and 1918, when Whalen was in the U. S. Army during World War I. Whalen wrote from Fort Howard, Maryland; Locust Point, Maryland; Walter Reed Hospital in Washington, D. C.; Sparrows Point, Maryland; and Fort Monroe, Virginia. The letters inquire about family matters and describe his life as a member of the Coast Artillery Corps and as a patient in the hospital. There is one additional bill dated May 1919 to John T. Whalen for an operation, although the purpose of the operation is unknown. Also included is one photograph of Whalen in uniform, circa 1917 and two photographs of the family farm in Howard County.

Dates

  • 1910; 1917-1919
  • Majority of material found within 1917-1919

Use and Access to Collection

This collection is open for research.

Duplication and Copyright Information

Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials policy for more information. Queries regarding publication rights and copyright status of materials within this collection should be directed to the appropriate curator.

Extent

58 Items

Scope and Content of Collection

The John T. Whalen papers consist of fifty-five letters written by Whalen to his mother in Mt. Hebron, Maryland, between 1917 and 1918, when Whalen was in the U. S. Army during World War I. Whalen wrote from Fort Howard, Maryland; Locust Point, Maryland; Walter Reed Hospital in Washington, D. C.; Sparrows Point, Maryland; and Fort Monroe, Virginia. The letters inquire about family matters and describe his life as a member of the Coast Artillery Corps and as a patient in the hospital. There is one additional bill dated May 1919 to John T. Whalen for an operation, although the purpose of the operation is unknown. Also included is one black and white photograph of Whalen in uniform, circa 1917.

Biography

John Turner Whalen was born in Maryland on June 18, 1898. His parents, Frank (b. 1850) and Priscilla J. ("Jennie") Fulton Whalen, lived in Howard County, Maryland, in the Mt. Hebron area. The Whalen family consisted of at least nine children, Mary (b. 1883), David "Fulton" (b. 1885), Frank, Jr. (b. 1888), Henry (b. 1891), Naomi (b. 1892), Rebekah (b. 1895), John Turner (b. 1898), and Robert (b. 1902).

In May 1917, at the age of nineteen, John enlisted in the Maryland National Guard in the 2nd Company Coast Artillery Corps. On August 7 of that same year, the company proceeded to Fort Howard, Maryland, during which time the entire National Guard in Federal service was drafted into the Army of the United States. During this time, Whalen spent much time in the hospital; he had a cast on his leg, most likely due to an attempt by the doctors to correct his flat feet. His foot continued to swell and to give him problems throughout his time at Fort Howard. On November 4, 1917, the 2nd Company, along with the 1st Company, was assigned the duty of guarding the piers at Canton and at Locust Point in Baltimore.

Not long after arriving at Locust Point, Whalen went to Walter Reed Hospital in Washington, D. C., for an operation to correct his flat feet. By January 1918, Whalen had returned to Locust Point. By that time, the companies had been rearranged, and Whalen was now part of the 6th Company, Coast Defenses of Baltimore. Relieved of guard duty in May 1918, the 6th Company returned to Fort Howard.

In July 1918, Whalen transferred to the 1st Anti-Aircraft Battalion. After a brief stint at Sparrows Point, Baltimore, he returned to Fort Howard in September 1918. A month later, he traveled to Fort Monroe, Virginia, for special training. This was a precursor to overseas service and the company was preparing to embark for France when the war ended on November 11, 1918. John T. Whalen received an honorable discharge on November 22, 1918.

After World War I, Whalen moved to Baltimore. According to the 1920 census, he lived with his parents; brothers, Henry and Robert; and sisters, Naomi and Rebekah; at 1502 Harlem Avenue, Baltimore, Maryland. The family hardware business, Carlin & Fulton Company, was located next door. According to the letters in the collection, the family regularly rented apartments in Baltimore City for the winter, while maintaining their house in Mt. Hebron, Howard County, Maryland. Whalen remained in Baltimore, working as a salesman for Daniel Miller Company until at least 1924.

Whalen married Jessamine Burroughs of Conway, South Carolina on April 26, 1924, and the couple settled in Wilson, North Carolina. They had one daughter, Ruth (b. ca. 1927). Whalen remained with Daniel Miller Company until the business liquidated in the 1950s, and he retired and moved with his wife to the Pamlico River. Following a stroke in his late seventies, Whalen and his wife moved to Charlotte, North Carolina, to be closer to their daughter, Ruth and her husband, Dr. Wharton Gaul. John Turner Whalen died on April 30, 1980, in Charlotte-Mecklenburg, North Carolina, at the age of eighty-one.

Arrangement

The papers consist of two series.
Series 1
Correspondence
Series 2
Photographs

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

The University of Maryland Libraries purchased the papers of John T. Whalen from Charles Apfelbaum in February 2000. John Turner Whalen's daughter, Ruth Whalen Gaul, donated a photograph of her father as a young man in September 2003. Ruth Whalen Gaul donated two additional photographs of the family farm in March 2004.

Existence and Location of Copies

Digital copies of letters in this collection are available within the records for each folder heading listed under Collection Organization.

Processing Information

The letters were removed from their envelopes and clipped to the envelopes with a strip of acid-free paper. They were then placed in acid-free folders and stored in an acid-free box.
Title
Guide to the John T. Whalen Papers
Status
Completed
Author
Processed by Jennie Anne Levine
Date
2003-08
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English

Library Details

Part of the Special Collections and University Archives

Contact:
University of Maryland Libraries
Hornbake Library
4130 Campus Drive
College Park Maryland 20742
301-405-9212