Biographical / Historical
This collection is comprised of the personal papers of attorney and conservationist Anthony Wayne Smith (1906-1992). Born in Pennsylvania in 1906, Smith received a B.A. from the University of Pittsburgh and a J.D. from Yale University in 1934. Smith married Anya E. Freedel in 1930. From 1932 to 1933, Smith served as Secretary to Governor Gifford Pinchot of Pennsylvania. From 1934 to 1937, he worked as an attorney at Donovan, Leisure, Newton, and Lumbard in New York City.
From 1937 to 1942, Smith was Assistant General Counsel at the CIO. During that time, Smith served as Counsel to the Steelworkers Organizing Committee during the Little Steel Strike in 1937. He also served as Special Counsel to the United Mine Workers of America in 1939. From 1942 to 1949, Smith served as Special Counsel and Assistant Director of the Industrial Union Council. In this capacity, Smith helped draft the National Labor Relations Act and Fair Labor Standards Act. From 1942 to 1954, Smith served as Secretary for the CIO's Committee on Regional Development and Conservation. By 1956, he moved into the role of attorney for the AFL-CIO. During his time with CIO and after the merger with the AFL, Smith became personally associated with John L. Lewis, Philip Murray, Walter P. Reuther, and John Brophy.
In 1958, Smith became the President and General Counsel for the National Parks and Conservation Association (NPCA). He functioned as publisher, editor-in-chief, and chief editorial writer of the NPCA Magazine. Smith directed major conservation campaigns, including Cape Cod, Fire Island, Assateague Island, Padre Island, Point Reyes, and other seashores, Chesapeake and Ohio (C&O) Canal National Historical Park, Dinosaur National Monument, Rainbow Bridge National Monument, and Everglades, Yellowstone, Grand Canyon, Yosemite, and Redwoods National Parks. Along with William O. Douglas, Smith co-founded the C&O Canal Association in 1954. While at the NPCA, Smith served on numerous delegations for the United Nations, Environmental Coalition for North America (ENCONA), and more. By 1980, he served as Special Counsel for organizations including the Adirondack Park Agency, Negative Population Growth, and the Chesapeake Bay Foundation.
A leading environmentalist, conservationist, and lawyer, Smith died on February 29, 1992. He authored more than 200 articles on conservation and at the time of his death he served as a consultant for the Adirondack Park Agency, the chair of ENCONA, and a board member for the Council on Ocean Law.