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Morley Jull papers

 Collection 0256-UA
Morley A. Jull was the Head of the Poultry Science Department at the University of Maryland from 1936 until his retirement in 1956. Most of the collection is comprised of notes, articles, correspondence, and drafts related to Jull's revision of his book Poultry Husbandry. Poultry breeding, particularly as it pertains to chickens, is the subject covered in most depth in the collection, although there are also materials concerning the poultry industry and poultry education. The collection also includes copies of many of Jull's articles as well as his annotated 1951 copy of Poultry Husbandry.

Dates

  • 1917-1959 and undated

Use and Access to Collection

This collection is open for research.

Duplication and Copyright Information

Photocopies of original materials may be provided for a fee and at the discretion of the curator. Please see our Duplication of Materials policy for more information. Queries regarding publication rights and copyright status of materials within this collection should be directed to the appropriate curator.

Extent

4.00 Linear Feet (4.00 linear feet and 418 items)

4.00 Linear Feet

418 Items

Scope and Contents

The Morley Jull papers date from 1921 to 1959, with the bulk of materials dating from 1945 to 1959. Most of the collection is comprised of notes, articles, correspondence, and drafts related to Jull's revision of his book Poultry Husbandry. Poultry breeding, particularly as it pertains to chickens, is the subject covered in most depth in the collection, although there are also materials concerning the poultry industry and poultry education. The collection also includes copies of many of Jull's articles as well as his annotated 1951 copy of Poultry Husbandry.

Biography

Morley Allan Jull was born in Burford, Ontario, Canada, on August 26, 1885, to John Henry and Ann Jane (Winskel) Morley. He married Marion Louise Monkley on July 5, 1930, and they had one son, Morley Allan. Jull attended the University of Toronto where he received his Bachelor of Science degree in 1908. He received a Master's of Science from McGill University in 1914 and a Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin in 1921.

Prior to becoming a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1935, Jull worked at the West Virginia Experiment Station in Morgantown as a poultry assistant from 1908 until 1909. After that, he became the Poultry Commissioner in the British Columbia Department of Agriculture in Victoria, a position he held from 1909 until 1911, when he accepted a position as Head of the Poultry Department in the McGill University MacDonald College in Montreal, Canada. During the same period he also taught poultry courses at the University of Vermont and did poultry extension work in the state during two summers. He remained at McGill University from 1912 until 1923, when he moved to the United States to become the Senior Poultry Husbandman of Production Research for the United States Department of Agriculture. During his time as senior husbandman, he led work on quality improvement of poultry, egg, and meat production and assisted in the breeding of the world famous Beltsville White turkey, a smaller, "family-size" turkey. He left that position in 1936 to head the Department of Poultry Science at the University of Maryland, where he remained until retirement in 1956. In his position at Maryland, he led efforts to expand the departmental facilities, served as chairman of the University of Maryland Poultry Committee from 1936 until 1956, and conducted research on raising a fast-feathering bird, which would be easier to fatten and therefore less costly. In 1952, he won the National Poultry Science Teacher Award from the Poultry Science Association. In honor of Jull, the University of Maryland renamed the Poultry Building Jull Hall in 1954.

During retirement, he participated in the U. S. Overseas Mission as a Poultry Specialist and Consultant with the U.S. State Department's International Cooperation Administration in Egypt, Italy, Greece, and Lebanon. Prior to his work with the State Department, he participated in other international events. He represented the U. S. government at the Fourth World's Poultry Congress in Ottawa, Canada, in 1927 and the Fifth Congress in London, England, in 1930, and served on councils for the Ninth Congress in Paris, France, in 1951, and the Eighth Congress in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1948. Domestically, he was the president of the Poultry Science Association, served on the advanced committee of the American Genetic Association, and was a member of both the Washington Academy of Science and the American Poultry and Hatchery Federation. He was an American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellow and a member of three honorary and fraternal societies: Phi Kappa Phi, Kappa Phi, and Sigma Xi. In addition to writing numerous articles, he authored four books: Poultry Breeding, Poultry Husbandry, Successful Poultry Management, and Raising Turkeys, Ducks, Geese, and Game Birds.

Morley Jull died on October 25, 1959, at Prince George's General Hospital and is buried in Fort Lincoln Cemetery, Bladensburg, Maryland.

Arrangement

This collection consists of six series:
Series 1
Poultry Husbandry
Series 2
Other Writings, Transcripts, and Publications
Series 3
Professional Activities
Series 4
Photographs
Series 5
Audiovisual materials
Series 6
Memorabilia

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

Professor Mary S. Shorb of the University of Maryland Poultry Department donated this collection to the University of Maryland Libraries on June 24, 1969.

Related Material

The University of Maryland Libraries contain multiple editions of Jull's books Poultry Breeding (1932, 1940, 1952), Poultry Husbandry (1938, 1951), and Successful Poultry Management (1943, 1951). There are also copies of Raising Turkeys, Ducks, Geese, and Game Birds (1947) and The Mortality Problem in Poultry: A Critical Review of Recent Research (1934). The Archives and Manuscripts Department holds the Papers of Clyne S. Shaffner, Jull's successor as the head of the University of Maryland Poultry Department. Beginning in 1947,Shaffner worked as a professor of poultry physiology in the department. The Papers of Mary S. Shorb are also available. Shorb worked as a professor in the Poultry Department from 1949 until 1972. Prior to that, she was a fellow in the department from 1947 until 1949. Additional information about the operations of the Department of Poultry Science at the University of Maryland may be found in the Records of the Department of Poultry Science. For additional information on Jull, see Morley A. Jull: The Man Behind the Name (UPUB B9.024). Three oil paintings of Morley Jull are located in the Archives and Manuscripts Department in the Memorabilia Collection (#1064, #1065, and #1066). These paintings, all of which date between 1957 and 1960, were donated to the University of Maryland by the University of Maryland's Department of Agriculture. In addition, memorabilia item #72 is a paper weight given to Dr. Harry Clifton Byrd by the Maryland State Poultry Council, September 15, 1954, in honor of the dedication of Jull Hall and the Poultry Industry Hall of Fame.

Separated Materials

Photographs from this collection have been transferred to the Photograph collection, audiovisual materials have been transferred to the Audio/Visual collection, and memorabilia has been transferred to the Memorabilia collection.

Processing Information

In general, original order was retained, particularly with regards to the Poultry Husbandry working papers. The papers were placed in acid-free folders, and metal fasteners were removed and replaced with plastic paper clips and acid-free paper. Acid-free paper was interleaved in cases of visible deterioration. The two audio reel-to-reel tapes were converted to digital format and stored on compact discs.
Title
Guide to the Morley Jull papers
Status
Completed
Author
Processed by Jordan Patty.
Date
2005-01-01
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Library Details

Part of the Special Collections and University Archives

Contact:
University of Maryland Libraries
Hornbake Library
4130 Campus Drive
College Park Maryland 20742
301-405-9212