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Charles Lanman papers

 Collection 0097-MDHC

Charles Lanman (1819-1895) was the compiler of the Dictionary of the United States Congress (1859). His papers consist of autobiographies assembled between 1823 and 1868 in preparation for that work.


  • 1823-1868

Use and Access to Collection

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Photocopies or digital surrogates may be provided in accordance with Special Collections and University Archives duplication policy.

Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs unless otherwise specified. It is the researcher's responsibility to secure permission to publish materials from the appropriate copyright holder.

Archival materials may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws or other regulations. While we make a good faith effort to identify and remove such materials, some may be missed during our processing. If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.


0.50 Linear Feet

Scope and Contents

The Charles Lanman papers covers the period from 1823 to 1868 and consists of biographical sketches of Maryland congressmen collected during the preparation of the Dictionary of the United States Congress. Among the correspondent are: John Archer, Stevenson Archer, Richard Bowie, Ezekiel Chambers, Joseph Cottman, Leonard Covington, John Cresswell, Alexander Evans, John Franklin, Patrick Hamill, Benjamin Harris, James Heath, Reverdy Johnson, William Johnson, John Kerr, John B. Kerr, Jacob Kunkel, Cornelius Leary, Thomas Magruder, John Mason, Jiram McCullough, Robert McLane, George Peter, Charles Phelps, James Ricaud, James Stewart, John Stoddert, Thomas Swann, Francis Thomas, John Thomas, Jr., George Vickers, William Pickney Whyte, John Barney, Benjamin Howard, John Pendleton Kennedy, Peter Little, Alexander Randall, Philip Reed, George Aickman, Watkins Lyon, James Patridge, William Ridgeley, and Richard Stockton.

Biographical / Historical

Charles Lanman (1819-1895) was appointed librarian of the War Department in 1849 and resigned in 1850 to become secretary to Daniel Webster. In 1853 and from 1855-1857 was librarian and head of the Returns Office in the Interior Department. In 1859 he published the Dictionary of the United States Congress, which underwent several revisions. Lanman became librarian of the House of Representatives in 1861 and returned to the Interior Department in 1865


This collection is divided into two series:

Series 1
Congressional Marylanders
Series 2
Non-Congressional Marylanders

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

The University of Maryland Libraries purchased the Charles Lanman papers from Boston-based rare book and manuscript dealer Maury Bromsen in 1977.

Guide to the Charles Lanman papers
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Library Details

Part of the Special Collections and University Archives

University of Maryland Libraries
Hornbake Library
4130 Campus Drive
College Park Maryland 20742