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Joseph Irwin France papers

 Collection 0083-MDHC

Joseph Irwin France (1873-1939) was a physician, state and U.S. senator, and a Maryland politician. His papers consist of scrapbooks, correspondence, pamphlets, speeches, and financial records. They relate to such subjects as Maryland and national politics; Republican party politics; suffrage; child welfare; trade; Russia; World War I; conscription; food control; farm relief; prohibition; labor strikes; disarmament; election campaigns; and Washington, D.C. society.


  • 1873-1935 and undated

Use and Access to Collection

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Photocopies or digital surrogates may be provided in accordance with Special Collections and University Archives duplication policy.

Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs unless otherwise specified. It is the researcher's responsibility to secure permission to publish materials from the appropriate copyright holder.

Archival materials may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws or other regulations. While we make a good faith effort to identify and remove such materials, some may be missed during our processing. If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.


35.25 Linear Feet

Scope and Content of Collection

The Joseph Irwin France papers consist of scrapbooks, correspondence, pamphlets, speeches, financial records and miscellaneous newspaper clippings. Subjects covered include: Maryland and national politics, Republican Party politics, suffrage, treaties, child welfare, trade, Russia, World War I, conscription, food control, farm relief, prohibition, labor, strikes, disarmament, campaigns and elections, and Washington society. The materials date from 1884 to 1935.


Joseph Irwin France (1873-1939) was born in Missouri and raised in Michigan and New York. Graduating from Hamilton College, he obtained a fellowship in anatomy and physiology at Cornell. He attended the University of Leipzig, held the chair in Natural Science at the Jacob Tome Institute and attended the College of Physicians and Surgeons in Baltimore, graduating as an M.D. From 1905-09 France was State Senator from Cecil County. In 1917 he was elected U.S. Senator and served until 1922. Member of the Republican State Central Committee and active in politics until 1932, France retired to his farm near Port Deposit.


The collection is organized as two) series.

Series 1
Series 2

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

The Joseph Irwin France papers were accessioned by the University of Maryland College Park Libraries in 1972. Additional material was donated by Dr. and Mrs. Merrill in 1982.

Processing Information

Two series have been created from the Joseph Irwin France. papers. Paper clips were replaced with plastic clips over acid-free paper. All materials were placed in acid-free folders and acid-free boxes.

Guide to the Joseph Irwin France papers
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Library Details

Part of the Special Collections and University Archives

University of Maryland Libraries
Hornbake Library
4130 Campus Drive
College Park Maryland 20742