William Green was president of the AFL from 1924-1952. These papers describe his time in office from a personal rather than professional point of view. Types of documents include correspondence, memorabilia, and reference files.
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11.94 Linear Feet
This collection is comprised of correspondence, financial records, speeches, reference files, and printed material documents Green's activities during the time he was president of the AFL and for some of the years prior. The materials are generally of a personal nature and do not fully document AFL policy making or implementation, but rather show the influence of the Office of the President. Researchers should examine related collections in the University of Maryland's AFL-CIO Archive and Labor Collections, and elsewhere for a complete understanding of Green's position in the American labor movement.
William Green, the second president of the AFL, was born in Coshocton, Ohio, on March 3, 1873. With eight years of formal education, Green followed his father into the coal mines at the age of sixteen. By 1891 he had become active in union activities serving first as secretary of the Coshocton Progressive Miners Union (later a local of the United Mine Workers Union) and subsequently moving upward in the UMWA organization from district officer in 1900 to international secretary-treasurer, 1912 to 1924. Shortly after beginning his tenure as UMWA secretary-treasurer, Green won a position on the AFL executive council and in 1924 became president following the death of Samuel Gompers. Green held that position until his own death on November 21, 1952.
William Green supported the labor movement in the political arena as well as within the UMWA and AFL organizations. He served two terms in the Ohio senate from 1910 to 1913 where he wrote the state's workmen's compensation act; he represented labor at international labor conferences following the end of World War I; and he worked with various presidential committees and boards during the New Deal, World War II, and the Korean War.
This collection is organized into seven series:
This collection (RG1-019, Office of the President. President's Files, William Green Papers, 1927-1952) was transferred in 1982 from the Ohio Historical Society to the George Meany Memorial Archives under a deed of gift from William Green's son, Harry C. Green. The papers had been removed from William Green's office at the time of his death in 1952 by his secretary Theo C. Glenn. When Glenn died, the papers reverted to the Green family who deposited them with the Ohio Historical Society in 1980 for the purpose of microfilming them. At the end of that project, Harry Green donated the records to the Meany Archives. The George Meany Memorial Archives transferred these records as part of a major transfer of their archive and library holdings to the University of Maryland Libraries in 2013.
Microfilm copies available.
A second copy is available at the Ohio Historical Society with a detailed inventory.
AFL or labor-related publications were removed from Series 7 by archivists at the George Meany Memorial Archives and transferred to the publications collection.
It is unclear whether this collection was processed by archives staff at the George Meany Memorial Archives in 1982, or if they were already processed by the Ohio Historical Society between 1980 and 1982 before being trasferred. Series 1-5 were microfilmed by the Ohio Historical Society between 1980 and 1982.
The University of Maryland Libraries received the records and the finding aid in 2013. In 2018, Bria Parker exported and cleaned the finding aid contents from the Eloquent Systems database using OpenRefine, and finally transformed the finding aids into Encoded Archival Description (EAD) using a series of programmatic scripts. The finding aid was ingested into ArchivesSpace in 2018, at which point Rebecca Thayer updated the descriptive content for accuracy. Revisions include changes to biographical/historical notes, scope and content notes, and the creation of new collection numbers. Rebecca Thayer also enhanced custodial histories and re-wrote collection titles to better conform to archival standards.