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Willis A. Pomeroy papers

 Collection 0123-MDHC

Willis A. Pomeroy was a 1st lieutenant with Company C, 1st Regiment, Heavy Artillery of the Connecticut Volunteers. He was stationed at Hagerstown, Downsville, and Williamsport, Maryland, during the early days of the Civil War. This collection consists of Pomeroy's letters to members of his family during his time in Maryland as well as a general order appointing him brigade commissary. In his letters Pomeroy describes the state of his health, his need for money to purchase a horse, and his duties as brigade commissary.


  • 1861

Use and Access to Collection

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Photocopies or digital surrogates may be provided in accordance with Special Collections and University Archives duplication policy.

Copyright resides with the creators of the documents or their heirs unless otherwise specified. It is the researcher's responsibility to secure permission to publish materials from the appropriate copyright holder.

Archival materials may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal and/or state right to privacy laws or other regulations. While we make a good faith effort to identify and remove such materials, some may be missed during our processing. If a researcher finds sensitive personal information in a collection, please bring it to the attention of the reading room staff.


0.25 Linear Feet

Scope and Content of Collection

The Willis A. Pomeroy papers span the dates June 1861 to September 1861 and consist of correspondence and military records. There are seven letters written to various members of his family concerning his activities in the Army of the Potomac. Also included is a general order promoting him to bridge commissary with rank of captain.


Little is known of the life of Willis A. Pomeroy preceding the Civil War. He was the son of Chauncey Pomeroy and Eliza (Granger) Pomeroy and was born in Suffield, Connecticut on March 18, 1841. Pomeroy had two brothers, Chauncey and Arthur, and two sisters, Maria and Cornelia. Willis Pomeroy was married to Mary A. Nixon, but they had no children.

Willis Pomeroy enlisted and was mustered in on May 23, 1861 as a 1st lieutenant with "C" Company, 1st Regiment, Heavy Artillery, Connecticut Volunteers. By June his unit had been shipped to Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. Pomeroy was now a lieutenant with the 4th Connecticut Volunteers, which was attached to the 6th Brigade, 2nd Division of the Army of the Potomac. During June 1861 his unit was moved from Chambersburg to outside of Hagerstown, Maryland. On June 26, 1861 Pomeroy was appointed brigade commissary and aide to General Abercrombie with a promotion to the rank of captain. Captain Pomeroy was then responsible for requisitioning all supplies for the brigade, organizing supply trains, and ensuring that the men of the brigade had enough supplies and ammunition for extended marches. Another of Pomeroy's duties was to accompany General Abercrombie whenever he traveled from his headquarters.

During the latter part of June 1861 the brigade moved to Downsville, Maryland, and then on to Williamsport in July to protect the city of Washington against capture by the rebels. From July 1 to July 30 little is known of Pomeroy's fate except that he was under the care of Dr. Skinner sometime during the month and was residing in Harper's Ferry. It is possible that Pomeroy was wounded because on July 2nd, General Abercrombie, commanding the 6th Bridge, engaged the advance forces of Colonel Johnson and a large force of cavalry under Jeb Stuart near Falling Waters, Virginia.

Pomeroy was ill enough, however, to consider resigning his commission. He was on furlough for most of August and September 1861, probably convalescing. When Pomeroy returned to active duty in the latter part of September, he was transferred to the 2nd Brigade of General Banks's division, which was stationed at Camp Lyon in Darnestown, Maryland. This unit was to be moved to a fort outside Washington, D. C., as part of an artillery regiment.

Willis Pomeroy resigned his commission on November 7, 1861. He died August 17, 1867 in Suffield, Connecticut.


The collection is organized as one series.

Series 1

Custodial History and Acquisition Information

The University of Maryland at College Park Libraries purchased the papers of Willis A. Pomeroy from Charles Apfelbaum in 1990.

Existence and Location of Copies

Digital copies of the letters in this collection are available at in the University of Maryland's Digital Collections.

Processing Information

One series was formed from the papers of Willis A. Pomeroy. The materials have been placed in an acid-free folder and box.

Guide to the Willis A. Pomeroy papers
Processed by Cynthia Cory.
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English.

Library Details

Part of the Special Collections and University Archives

University of Maryland Libraries
Hornbake Library
4130 Campus Drive
College Park Maryland 20742