William Green was President of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) from 1924-1952. This collection of Green's papers includes correspondence, minutes, speeches, questionnaires, calendars, and printed materials arranged according to topics such as fascism, politics, congressional elections, injunctions, racial discrimination, the Taft-Hartley Act, and British labor.
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14.5 Linear Feet (29 hollinger boxes)
This group of Green materials is a miscellaneous collection of records including correspondence, minutes, speeches, questionnaires, calendars, and printed material arranged in ten series, that for some unknown reason were not transferred to Wisconsin during the 1950s (see note on related records below). Although the earliest date in the collection is 1888, most of the document are dated 1925 to 1952. Materials on the following topics appear in the collection: fascism, politics, congressional elections, injunctions, racial discrimination, Taft-Hartley Act, and British labor.
William Green, the second president of the AFL, was born in Coshocton, Ohio, on March 3, 1873. With eight years of formal education, Green followed his father into the coal mines at the age of sixteen. By 1891 he had become active in union activities serving first as secretary of the Coshocton Progressive Miners Union (later a local of the United Mine Workers Union) and subsequently moving upward in the United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) organization from District Officer in 1900 to International Secretary-Treasurer, 1912 to 1924. Shortly after beginning his tenure as UMWA Secretary-Treasurer, Green won a position on the American Federation of Labor's (AFL) executive council and in 1924 became president following the death of Samuel Gompers. Green held that position until his own death on November 21, 1952.
William Green supported the labor movement in the political arena as well as within the UMWA and AFL organizations. He served two terms in the Ohio senate from 1910 to 1913 where he wrote the Ohio Workmen's Compensation Act; he represented labor at international labor conferences following the end of World War I; and he worked with various presidential committees and boards during the New Deal, World War II, and the Korean War.
This collection is organized into ten series:
The George Meany Memorial Archives acquired this collection from the AFL-CIO. It is not clear when because the accession is not documented well. It is also not clear why these records were not part of a transfer to the State Historical Society of Wisconsin in the 1950s. The George Meany Memorial Archives transferred these records as part of a major transfer of their archive and library holdings to the University of Maryland Libraries in 2013.
This collection was originally processed at the George Meany Memorial Archive in 1984 and with the finding aid being updated in 1998 by Lee Sayrs. The University of Maryland Libraries received the records and the finding aid in 2013. In 2017, Bria Parker exported and cleaned the finding aid contents from the Eloquent Systems database using OpenRefine, and finally transformed the finding aids into Encoded Archival Description (EAD) using a series of programmatic scripts. The finding aid was ingested into ArchivesSpace in 2018, at which point Rebecca Thayer updated the descriptive content for accuracy. Revisions include changes to biographical/historical notes, scope and content notes, and the creation of new collection numbers. Rebecca Thayer also enhanced custodial histories and re-wrote collection titles to better conform to archival standards.